Drawing on his knowledge of English political and constitutional practice, as well as the theoretical resources he had developed con his own rete informatica, he suggested imaginative and innovative measures sicuro achieve the peaceful and constitutional reform in France
The essays which Bentham collected together for publication durante 1830 under the title of Official Aptitude Maximized; Expense Minimized, written at various times between 1810 and 1830, deal with the means of achieving efficient and economical government. Durante considering a wide range of themes in the fields of constitutional law, public finance, and legal reform, Bentham places the problem of official corruption at the centre of his analysis. He contrasts his own recommendations for good administration, which he had fully developed mediante his magisterial Constitutional Code, with the severe deficiencies he saw con English practice. Of particular concern puro Bentham were the abuses sanctioned by the judges and their officials per the Westminster Vestibolo courts, which, he argues, resulted sopra the denial of justice to the majority of the population. Con this tomo, Bentham not only displays the precise logical reasoning for which he is well known, but also his considerable skills as per rhetorician of reform.
The essays contained durante On the Liberty of the Press and Public Dialogue represent Bentham’s attempt esatto influence the direction of political and constitutional change taking place per Spain and Portugal con the early 1820s. At the same time as commenting on Spanish and Portuguese questions, Bentham outlined important aspects of his own legal and constitutional theories, defended measures of democratic reform, and offered per vigorous defence of free speech and communication. The volume complements Colonies, Commerce, and Constitutional Law, per which Bentham commented on the disastrous effects on Spain of her attempts onesto retain her overseas possessions.
Political Tactics, composed for the Estates General per the months just prior preciso the outbreak of the French Revolution, is one of Bentham’s most original works. It was subsequently translated into many languages and has had per far-reaching influence-for instance, it provided the basis for the regulations adopted mediante the 1820s governing the procedures of the Buenos Aires assembly, and as recently as the early 1990s it was reprinted by the Spanish Cortes.
The core of the volume consists of four major essays directed against the principles and policies of four leading statesmen: Edmund Burke, George Rose, Nene Peel, and Lord Chancellor Eldon
Preparatory Principles is not per linear text durante the conventional sense, but consists of per series of short passages on verso variety of topics, whose themes are summarised in marginal headings. The material constitutes per philosophical commonplace book, compiled by Bentham in the mid-1770s, durante which he worked out the foundational ideas for his new science of legislation. He then drew on this material when composing such works as A Fragment on Government and An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation.
The French Revolution provided Bentham with what appeared esatto him esatto be an exciting opportunity onesto influence the reconstruction of the French state. Con discussing the nature of representation he produced the earliest utilitarian justification of political equality and representative democracy, even recommending women’s suffrage. Moreover, he provided per major critique of the dominant constitutional theory of the division of power, including both the doctrine of the balance of powers and that of the separation of powers.
Turning his attention to Britain, for a time he advocated measures of parlimentary reform, but becoming disenchanted with the course of the Revolution he produced the celebrated ‘Nonsense upon Stilts’ (hitherto known as ‘Anarchical Fallacies’), the most devastating attack on the theory of natural rights ever written, mediante which he argued that natural rights provided an unsuitable basis for stable legal and political arrangements. All the essays published per this registro, with the exception of Emancipate your Colonies!, an important early critique of colony-holding, are based on the original manuscript sources, many of which have not been previously published con any form.